Triumf in tragedija sindikata Solidarnost

Na Poljskem so včeraj obeležili 40. obletnico ustanovitve slavnega sindikata Solidarnost. Še vedno delujoči sindikalni organizaciji danes priznavajo predvsem zasluge za to, da je, kot je včeraj zapisal poljski predsednik vlade Mateusz Morawiecki, kot kamen sprožila plaz, ki je nato leta 1989 porušil železno zaveso, po njeni zaslugi naj bi se Poljska rešila sovjetske nadvlade, Evropa pa postala eno.

Toda zgodba o Solidarnosti je, kot se za take stvari spodobi, veliko bolj kompleksna, zajema pa številne zgodovinske, družbene, politične odtenke, ki jih razgrinja sijajen tekst na spodnji povezavi.

Poland’s Solidarność (“Solidarity”) movement emerged in August 1980 as a left-wing workers’ movement against the putatively left-wing workers’ state governing the country. It was a time of militant strikes, mass participation, and nascent workers’ control of enterprises, with workers and intellectuals jointly challenging bureaucratic state socialism and posing demands for greater democracy, but not for the restoration of capitalism.

Today, what remains of Solidarity is a trade union closely associated with the right-wing Law and Justice party government. This has led many, even in Poland, to reject the movement and discard its legacy. That is unfortunate. The Solidarity uprising was one of the great left-democratic social movements to have occurred since World War II.

Več v članku: The Triumph and Tragedy of Poland’s Solidarity Movement